What are the Common Causes of Chainsaw Chain Stretching?

What are the Common Causes of Chainsaw Chain Stretching?

As a chainsaw owner, keeping your chain in top working condition is essential for smooth and efficient cutting. One of the most common issues that can crop up is chain stretching. This occurs when the links of your chainsaw chain elongate over time and usage. Stretching chains make precise cuts more difficult and can also be indicative of other wear issues. 

For optimal performance, it’s important to understand what causes your chainsaw chain to stretch so you can take steps to prevent it. In this article, I’ll provide a comprehensive guide on the most common culprits behind chainsaw chain stretch so you can keep your chain running cleanly for as long as possible.

What are the Common Causes of Chainsaw Chain Stretching?

What are the Common Causes of Chainsaw Chain Stretching?

There are several key factors that contribute to stretching in chainsaw chains. The main causes include overheating, general wear and tear, incorrect tension, guide bar damage, dull cutters, worn sprockets, and lubrication system issues. Proper maintenance and care is essential to minimize chain elongation from these causes over the lifetime of your chain. Let’s take a closer look at each one:

Overheating

Friction and heat are some of the biggest enemies when it comes to your chainsaw chain. As the chain spins around the guide bar, it creates friction that generates heat. Excessive heat can cause the metal in chain links to expand, resulting in stretching and elongation over time. Proper lubrication is absolutely vital to prevent overheating of your chain. Regular chain oil application keeps friction and temperatures down. Here are some tips to avoid overheating issues:

  • Maintain regular chain lubrication – Oil before each use and frequently during longer cutting sessions
  • Avoid cutting highly abrasive materials like dirt, soil, and sand whenever possible
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Wear and Tear

With prolonged use over time, the moving parts in a chainsaw chain experience material removal and wear. This gradual loss of material from chain components like bushings leads to looser tolerances and eventually, chain stretch. New chains are especially susceptible to break-in stretch as surfaces get polished from use. Here are some ways to reduce wear and tear:

  • Perform regular chain maintenance and inspection for signs of wear
  • Sharpen chain cutters frequently to keep them cutting cleanly and efficiently

Incorrect Tension

Keeping your chain at the proper tension is crucial for minimizing stretch over time. Chains that are too loose experience more vibration and side-to-side movements that can elongate the links. Tightening the chain as needed keeps everything moving smoothly and prevents undue strain. Follow these tips for maintaining correct tension:

  • Check chain tension regularly, especially before starting a new project
  • Make tension adjustments as required to account for chain wear and stretch

Damaged Guide Bar

The condition of your guide bar is also important for reducing chain stretch. Bars that are bent, dented, worn, or otherwise damaged force the chain to move irregularly. This abnormal motion strains the chain in ways that accelerate link elongation. Be diligent about guide bar care with these practices:

  • Inspect guide bars regularly for damage and excessive wear
  • Replace damaged guide bars to restore proper chain guidance

Dull Cutters

Keeping your chain sharp is about more than just cutting performance. As cutters dull over time, more force and pressure is required to cut wood. This greater stress placed on a dull chain leads to accelerated stretching of the links. Maintain sharp cutters with:

  • Regular sharpening to keep cutters finely honed
  • Timely cutter replacement once sharpening is no longer effective
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Worn-Out Chain Sprocket

The sprocket at the engine end that drives the chain can also contribute to stretching issues once worn. Sprockets with excessive wear or damage allow unwanted freeplay and looseness that strains the chain. Avoid problems through proper sprocket maintenance:

  • Inspect the sprocket regularly and replace at the first signs of wear
  • Use a sprocket with the correct number of teeth for your bar length

Faulty Chain Lubrication System

No discussion of chain stretch is complete without mentioning lubrication. Chains with insufficient oil application are prone to overheating and accelerated wear. A faulty lubrication system can prevent adequate oil dispersal to the chain. Ensure your oiling system is in top shape:

  • Inspect the system routinely for leaks, blockages, or other issues
  • Repair or replace malfunctioning oiling components as needed

By being vigilant about these common causes of chain stretch, you can add months or even years of extra life to your chainsaw chain. Regular maintenance and prompt replacement of worn parts reduces expensive downtime from excessive chain elongation. Keep your chain running smoothly with proper care and enjoy reliable cutting performance season after season.

Conclusion

Chainsaw chain stretching is a common hindrance for optimal cutting, but educating yourself on the causes can help minimize its impact. Overheating, wear and tear, improper tensioning, guide bar damage, dull cutters, worn sprockets, and lubrication problems are the main culprits behind chain elongation. With vigilance about proper maintenance, lubrication, tensioning, and part replacement when required, you can prolong the usable lifetime of your chainsaw chain significantly. Implement the tips covered here to keep your chain tight and cutting cleanly for all your woodworking needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I prevent my chainsaw chain from stretching?

Regular maintenance is key to preventing chain stretch. Follow the tips provided in this guide – maintain proper chain tension, lubricate the chain before each use, inspect and replace worn parts like the chain, sprocket and guide bar as needed, keep cutters sharp, and avoid cutting abrasive materials. Routinely checking and addressing these factors will maximize the lifetime of your chain.

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How often should I check the tension of my chainsaw chain?

It’s recommended to check chain tension every time before starting a new cutting session. Tension can change over time due to temperature changes, chain wear, and other factors. Getting in the habit of quick pre-use tension checks ensures your chain is always optimized for work.

When should I replace my chainsaw chain?

Once a chain is excessively stretched or elongated, it’s time for replacement. Other signs include cracked or damaged drive links, very dull cutters that won’t sharpen properly, and warped or bent sections. Replacing well-worn chains restores cutting performance and safety.

Can I fix a stretched chainsaw chain?

In limited cases, you may be able to remove a section of a lightly stretched chain to get more life out of it. But chains with excessive stretch usually need complete replacement. Consult your owner’s manual – some brands prohibit re-riveting stretched chains due to safety concerns.

How do I know if my chainsaw chain is stretched?

Symptoms of a stretched chain include looseness on the guide bar, the chain derailing or jumping off the bar, long shavings instead of chips during cutting, sharpened cutters that quickly become dull again, and the need to re-tighten the chain frequently.

What is the break-in period for a new chainsaw chain?

Expect more pronounced stretch for the first tank or two of fuel on a new chain as the surfaces polish in and seat. Maintain vigilance about tensioning and lubrication during this initial break-in period. The chain will stabilize after this, requiring less frequent tension adjustments.

How does cutting abrasive materials affect chainsaw chain stretching?

The grit and friction from materials like soil, dirt and sand act as an abrasive that accelerates wear and strain on the chain. The microscopic abrasions add up over time, contributing to looser tolerances and elongation of chain links. Avoid cutting such substances whenever possible to prolong chain life.

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