How Tight Should a Chainsaw Chain be? – Guidelines to Follow

How Tight Should a Chainsaw Chain be

Proper chainsaw chain tension is crucial for optimal performance and safety when using a chainsaw. A chain that is too loose or too tight can lead to frustrating problems, damage your equipment, and even cause dangerous kickback accidents. In this post, I’ll explain the importance of proper tension, the consequences of incorrect tension, and provide a detailed, step-by-step guide on achieving the right amount of tension for your chainsaw chain.

Whether you’re a professional logger or a weekend warrior, this comprehensive guide will help ensure your chainsaw runs smoothly, efficiently, and safely every time you fire it up. Let’s get started!

How Tight Should a Chainsaw Chain Be?

How Tight Should a Chainsaw Chain be?

Experienced chainsaw users often refer to proper chain tension as “snap tight.” This means the chain should have just enough tension that it snaps back into place when you pull it away from the guide bar. You want it to have a bit of play, but not so much that the chain is loose enough to derail or jump off the bar.

Finding this sweet spot takes some practice and “feel,” but it’s important for optimal cutting performance. A properly tensioned chain allows the cutters to aggressively grab and shred wood without over-stressing the motor or wearing down components prematurely.

Common Tension Issues and Their Effects

Using a chainsaw with improper chain tension can lead to a number of problems:

Loose Chains

If your chain is too loose, it increases the risk of the chain jumping off the guide bar entirely. This can not only ruin your cut, but also poses a significant safety hazard if the fast-moving chain strikes your body. A loose chain has more room to vibrate, which accelerates wear and can quickly stretch or damage the chain.

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Tight Chains

Over-tightening the chain puts excessive friction and strain on the motor. This could lead to overheating, lack of power, or even permanent damage over time. An overly tight chain will wear down faster, requiring more frequent replacements. The increased tension in the bar can also cause it to warp or develop grooves more quickly.

Now that you understand the importance of proper chain tension, let’s go through the full process of adjusting it step-by-step.

Step-by-Step Guide to Adjusting Chainsaw Chain Tension

Adjusting your chainsaw chain tension requires a few specialized tools and safety precautions. Here’s an overview of the complete process:

Tools and Preparation

Before starting, gather the following tools:

  • Chainsaw wrench or screwdriver (often comes with new saws)
  • Gloves
  • Safety glasses and ear protection

Ensure the chainsaw is turned off and the chain brake is engaged. You’ll need ample space around the saw to maneuver.

Adjusting the Tension

The tensioning screw is located on the side of the chainsaw body near the rear handle. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Loosen the side bar nuts using your wrench or screwdriver. Don’t loosen them so much that the bar falls off.
  2. Find the chain tension adjusting screw. Turn it clockwise to tighten the chain or counterclockwise to loosen it.
  3. Pull the chain by hand around the bar. It should have just enough tension to snap back into place.
  4. Make minor adjustments to the tension screw until you achieve the perfect snap tightness.

Tightening the Bar Nuts

With the chain tension adjusted properly, you can now tighten the side bar nuts again. Ensure they are very secure, but do not overtighten them. Overtightening can cause damage to the bar and chain.

The chain may need minor tension adjustments as the new chain breaks in. Always check the tension before starting any new cutting session. Now let’s look at signs of incorrect tension.

Signs of Incorrect Chainsaw Chain Tension

With regular use, chains naturally stretch and chainsaw components wear over time. This can throw off your saw’s chain tension. Here’s what to watch out for:

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Overly Tight Chains

A too-tight chain will have no play or ability to snap back into place. It will feel extremely stiff along the bar. Other signs include visible stress on the bar, accelerated wear of the chain, resistance when pulling the starter cord, and smoking or overheating of the motor.

Overly Loose Chains

A loose chain will visibly sag below the guide bar. When running, it may wobble side to side or even jump the track entirely, especially on the upper side of the bar. You may also hear a prominent slapping or rattling noise of the chain striking the bar.

Catching and correcting tension issues early can save you money and prevent accidents down the road.

Maintaining Proper Chainsaw Chain Tension

To maximize your chainsaw’s lifespan and performance, make chain tension maintenance a regular habit:

Regular Checks and Adjustments

Get in the routine of checking tension every time you refuel your saw. The chain stretches over time, so quick tension adjustments may be needed fairly often. Learn to identify the “snap tight” tension by feel.

Replacing Worn Chains

When a chain becomes extremely loose even after tensioning, it likely needs to be replaced. The cutters will appear rounded and dull upon inspection. Make sure to replace it with the appropriate size and style chain for your saw model.

While a properly tensioned chain should run smoothly, issues can still crop up. Let’s go over some troubleshooting tips.

Troubleshooting Chainsaw Chain Tension Issues

If you notice your chain constantly loosening or tightening on its own, there are a few likely culprits:

Common Problems and Solutions

  • Clogged oil holes: Clean out any blocked lubrication ports along the guide bar. Proper oiling helps extend the life of the chain and bar.
  • Faulty oil pump: Have a technician inspect the chainsaw’s oiler system. A malfunctioning oil pump allows insufficient lubrication, accelerating chain stretch.
  • Damaged guide bar: Inspect the bar rails for burring, wear, or rust damage. A damaged bar can quickly destroy chains and make tension unstable. The bar may need repair or replacement.

When to Seek Professional Help

If you’ve addressed the common issues above but the chainsaw’s tension still behaves erratically, let a professional handle it. Seeking qualified repair services protects your safety and avoids making the problem worse through improper adjustments.

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Look for chainsaw dealers who offer repair services, or experienced independent shops with strong chainsaw expertise. Quality repairs now can save costly engine damage down the road.

Conclusion

Proper chainsaw chain tension is vital for powerful, efficient cutting as well as user safety. A loose chain risks dangerous derailing, while an overly tight one damages components. Regularly checking and adjusting to maintain “snap tight” tension eliminates these issues.

Replacing worn chains as needed and addressing lubrication problems also keeps your chainsaw running in top form. While tuning chain tension takes some practice and finesse, this guide provides the essential steps for success. Master this important skill to get the smoothest, safest performance from your chainsaw.

Frequently Asked Questions

How often should I check my chainsaw chain tension?

It’s good practice to check the tension every time before starting your chainsaw, as well as periodically during use if making long cuts. The chain tends to stretch while in use.

Can I use any chain on my chainsaw?

No, chains are designed for specific brands and models. Consult your owner’s manual to find the proper chain type, gauge, pitch and length for your chainsaw. Using the wrong chain can lead to jamming or damage.

How do I know when my chainsaw chain is worn out?

Signs of a worn chain include needing frequent re-tensioning, blunt or rounded cutters, reduced cutting speed and increased sawdust production. Chains should be replaced after becoming extremely stretched or damaged.

What is the best way to clean my chainsaw chain?

Regularly use a wire brush to remove wood chips, sap and dirt from the chain. You can soak heavily soiled chains in a solvent tank. Always lubricate thoroughly after cleaning. Avoid washing with water or soap which washes away oil.

How can I prevent my chainsaw chain from becoming too tight or too loose?

Check tension frequently, replace stretched chains promptly, ensure proper oiling, and address any damage to the guide bar. Storing at proper tension also helps maintain a good “factory” tension over time.

What should I do if my chainsaw chain keeps coming off?

A chain derailing repeatedly likely indicates damage or wear to the guide bar and sprocket. Have a professional inspect for burrs, grooves, rust or tooth wear. Replacing damaged parts restores proper chain tracking.

How do I know if my chainsaw chain is properly lubricated?

Check that oil flings off the chain as it runs. The chain should also feel slightly oily. Insufficient lube causes overheating, stiffness and premature chain stretch. Adjust oiler output or replace worn bar oil channels as needed.

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