Understanding the directionality of chainsaw blades is a crucial aspect of chainsaw safety and proper operation. Using a chainsaw with the chain running in the wrong direction can lead to increased risk of kickback, poor cutting performance, and potential damage to the saw. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of chainsaw blade direction, including how to determine the correct direction, why it’s important, installation tips, and general chainsaw maintenance best practices.
Are Chainsaw Blades Directional?
Yes, chainsaw chains and blades are designed to operate in a specific direction. The cutting teeth along the chain are angled to efficiently chip away material as the chain rotates. For proper cutting, the chain must move in the direction that allows the tooth to slice as it meets the wood.
On most chainsaws, the chain should move in a clockwise direction when looking at the exposed blade from the saw’s right side. The cutting edges of each tooth should face away from the engine and point forward into the wood as the chain loops around the guide bar. Running the chain backwards will result in increased resistance, poor cutting ability, and safety issues.
How to Determine the Correct Chain Direction
Verifying that your chainsaw chain is running the proper direction is straightforward. With the saw turned off and chain brake engaged, examine the exposed portion of chain along the guide bar. The cutter teeth should face forward, in the direction of the bar tip.
You can also check direction by observing chain movement with the engine off. When sitting to the saw’s left, the chain should rotate counter-clockwise around the bar when the chain brake is released. If the chain’s cutting edges don’t face forward when looking down at the bar, the chain is on backwards.
Why is Chain Direction Important?
Installing the chainsaw chain in the manufacturer-intended direction is critical for performance and safety reasons:
- Efficient Cutting – The chain’s cutters can chip away material when rotating the correct direction. Backwards, the teeth simply rub against the wood.
- Reduced Kickback – Cutting teeth meeting wood at the correct angle reduces the chance of kickback from the saw “biting” into material suddenly.
- Operator Safety – A backward chain increases the chance of cutters facing the operator during operation, presenting a hazard.
- Prevention of Saw Damage – Trying to cut with an improperly oriented chain can overstress the engine and other components.
Using a chainsaw chain in the wrong direction goes against the saw’s engineering and design. Most critically, the cutting teeth may face towards the operator when running backwards. This presents a major laceration danger to hands and arms if kickback occurs.
Saw damage or accelerated wear can also take place when the chain direction puts added friction and stress on components. For safe and effective use, verify the chain is running the right way.
How to Install a Chainsaw Chain Correctly
Putting a new chain on your chainsaw takes precision but is straightforward when done properly:
- Release chain brake and open saw casing to access chain and guide bar. The engine should be stopped and cool.
- Locate the chain tensioning screw(s) and loosen to release chain tension. This provides slack for chain removal.
- Slide old chain off the guide bar and replace it with the new properly-oriented chain. Feed chain around sprocket.
- Fit the bar back into saw body, loosely fastening retaining nuts. Ensure bar oil port aligns with lubrication hole.
- Tighten bar nuts to finger tightness. Tension the chain by adjusting tension screws per manufacturer specs.
Tips for Proper Installation
- Check that the chain is not too tight or too loose after tensioning. It should have just enough tension to lightly snap back when lifted from the bar.
- Examine the bar’s lubrication hole and sprocket teeth for obstructions, damage, or wear. A clean, undamaged guide bar supports safe operation.
- Confirm that the chain brake is functioning normally before use. This helps avoid potential injury if kickback occurs.
Chainsaw Maintenance Tips
Proper saw and chain maintenance is essential for performance and longevity. Here are key areas to address:
- Keep the chain sharp – Regular filing helps the cutters slice cleanly and reduces resistance. Strive to sharpen after each use.
- Check chain tension often – Tension degrades over time, so check it frequently. Loose chains derail and wear prematurely.
- Break in new chains properly – Avoid overworking a new chain initially. Let it wear in gradually for optimal longevity.
- Clean the air filter regularly – A clean filter ensures good airflow to the engine for smooth running.
- Use fresh fuel mixtures – Stale fuel can clog the carburetor. Use fuel stabilizer if storing gasoline long-term.
Weekly and Monthly Maintenance
Performing periodic maintenance helps avoid breakdowns and extend chainsaw life:
- Inspect vibration mounts – Replace cracked or brittle mounts that isolate engine vibration.
- Check the spark plug and starter rope – These commonly wear out over time, necessitating replacement.
- Clean the cooling fins and carburetor – Prevent overheating and ensure good performance by removing debris.
Q: How often should I sharpen my chainsaw chain?
A: Ideally sharpen the chain every time you refuel your saw, or at least every couple of fill ups. This helps maintain peak cutting performance and reduces wear.
Q: What type of oil should I use for chain lubrication?
A: Use a purpose-made chain bar lubricant, not old engine oil or vegetable oil. The lubricant clings to the chain and reduces friction and wear.
Q: How can I tell if my chainsaw chain is dull?
A: Indications of a dull chain are increased cutting difficulty, poor chip production, overheating, and the need for extra force to cut wood. Time to sharpen!
Q: How do I clean my chainsaw’s air filter?
A: Remove the filter and clean away debris with a soft brush or compressed air. Avoid washing with liquids which can damage the filter.
Q: What is the purpose of the depth gauge on a chainsaw chain?
A: The depth gauges ahead of each tooth regulate chip thickness and prevent the chain from biting too deeply into wood.
Q: How do I check the chain tension on my chainsaw?
A: With the saw off, lift the chain midway along the bar. It should snap back when released, with around 0.25-0.5 inches of play.
Q: How do I know when to replace my chainsaw’s sprocket?
A: Inspect for excessive wear of sprocket teeth – sharp corners rounded, or material removal. Replace if wear is causing poor chain mesh.
Operating a chainsaw with an improperly installed chain can lead to frustrating performance issues, accelerated wear, and serious safety hazards. Taking the time to verify correct chain orientation, perform regular maintenance, and follow safe practices helps ensure effective, efficient use of your saw. With proper care and directionality, your chainsaw will provide reliable service for seasons of woodcutting ahead.
Michael Boyle is the founder and main author of Chainsaws Finder, boasting over 20 years of experience in the chainsaw industry. Hailing from Texas, Michael combines his extensive knowledge and hands-on expertise to provide reliable advice and top-notch service. His vision is to empower chainsaw users to tackle any project with confidence, making Chainsaws Finder a trusted resource in the field.